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Thyroiditis is the inflammation of the thyroid gland. Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common form of thyroiditis. Classified as an autoimmune disorder, Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the result of an autoimmune reaction, with antibodies attacking the thyroid gland. The cause of Hashimoto thyroiditis is unknown.
The following are the most common symptoms of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of Hashimoto's thyroiditis may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
In addition to a complete medical history and medical examination, diagnostic procedures for Hashimoto thyroiditis may include blood tests to detect levels of thyroid hormone and thyroid antibodies.
Specific treatment for Hashimoto's thyroiditis will be determined by your physician based on:
Specific treatment is currently not available for Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Hashimoto's thyroiditis usually results in hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland), which can be treated with thyroid hormone replacement therapy (the administration of thyroid hormone). Thyroid hormone replacement therapy usually alleviates the goiter condition. However, if goiter does not improve, surgery may be required.