Parathyroid Tumor

What is a parathyroid tumor?

A parathyroid tumor is a growth inside a parathyroid gland. The parathyroid glands are 4 small glands located in the neck near the thyroid gland. Parathyroid tumors may cause increased levels of parathyroid hormones secreted by the parathyroid glands, leading to increased levels of calcium in the blood (hypercalcemia). Most parathyroid tumors are benign (noncancerous) adenomas. Cancers of the parathyroid are very rare.

What are symptoms of a parathyroid tumor?

If the parathyroid tumor causes symptoms, they may include:

  • Aches and pains, especially in the bones
  • Kidney problems, including pain in the upper back
  • Depression
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Excessive urination
  • Confusion
  • Muscle weakness

The symptoms of a parathyroid tumor may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.

Treatment for a parathyroid tumor:

Surgery is the main treatment for parathyroid tumors. Radiation therapy and medicines that lower calcium levels in the blood may be needed as well.

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