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The loss of the senses of smell (anosmia) and taste (ageusia) are the most common chemosensory disorders.
The reduced ability to smell (hyposmia) or to taste sweet, sour, bitter or salty substances (hypogeusia) are also common.
In other disorders of the chemosenses, odors, tastes, or flavors may be misread or distorted, causing a person to detect an unpleasant odor or taste from something that is normally pleasant to taste or smell. These disorders are important because they can have a significant impact on quality of life and be a sign of underlying disease.
Smell disorders are serious because they damage the early warning system that can alert a person to such things as:
Abnormalities in taste and smell can accompany or indicate the existence of diseases or conditions such as:
Although some people are born with chemosensory disorders, most are caused by:
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures may include:
Specific treatment for smell and taste disorders will be determined by your physician based on:
Treatment may include: