- Find a Doctor
- Medical Services
- Patients & Visitors
- Classes & Events
- Health Library
- Why Choose Sharp?
The hand is composed of many different bones, muscles, and ligaments that allow for a large amount of movement and dexterity. There are three major types of bones in the hand itself, including the following:
Numerous muscles, ligaments, and sheaths can be found within the hand. The muscles are the structures that can contract, allowing movement of the bones in the hand. The ligaments are fibrous tissues that help bind together the joints in the hand. The sheaths are tubular structures that surround part of the fingers.
There are many common hand problems that can interfere with activities of daily living (ADLs), including the following:
Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease, is the most common type of arthritis in older people. It is a slow-progressing disease that primarily affects the hands and the large weight-bearing joints of the body, such as the knees and hips. Osteoarthritis in the hands or hips may run in families, or be caused by injuries, overuse, muscle strain, or fatigue.
Heberden nodes, abnormal enlargements of the bone or cartilage - about the size of a pea or smaller - may occur in the finger joints, and may be aggravated by osteoarthritis.
The symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome may resemble other conditions such as tendonitis, bursitis, or rheumatoid arthritis. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
Treatment may include:
The following are the most common symptoms for ganglion cysts. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of ganglion cysts may resemble other medical conditions or problems. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
Initially, when the cyst is small and painless, treatment is usually not necessary. Only when the cyst begins to grow and interferes with the functionality of the hand is treatment usually necessary. Treatment may include:
Tenosynovitis is the inflammation of the lining of the tendon sheaths which enclose the tendons. The tendon sheath is usually the site which becomes inflamed, but both the sheath and the tendon can become inflamed simultaneously. The cause of tenosynovitis is often unknown, but usually strain, overuse, injury, or excessive exercise may be implicated. Tendonitis may also be related to disease (i.e., diabetes or rheumatoid arthritis).
Common tendon disorders include the following:
Treatment for most tendon problems may include: