- Find a Doctor
- Medical Services
- Patients & Visitors
- Classes & Events
- Health Library
- Why Choose Sharp?
Produced mainly in the testicles, male hormones such as testosterone cause prostate cancer cells to grow. Reducing hormone levels can sometimes make the prostate cancer shrink or slow its growth.
The goal of hormone therapy is to lower the level of male hormones in the body. Hormone therapy does not cure the cancer and is often used to treat people whose cancer has spread or recurred after treatment.
There are several types of hormone therapy, including the following:
As each man's individual medical profile and diagnosis is different, so is his reaction to treatment. Side effects may be severe, mild, or absent. Be sure to discuss with your cancer care team any/all possible side effects of treatment before the treatment begins.
Possible side effects of hormone therapy for prostate cancer may include:
The duration of hormone therapy varies, depending on the individual situation and why it is being used. For men with locally advanced prostate cancer (cancer that has spread outside the gland), long-term hormone therapy (at least two years) may control the disease better than short-term hormone therapy. For more advanced prostate cancer, hormone therapy may be used for as long as it continues to be effective. Always talk with your doctor for more information on hormone therapy treatment.