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Whiplash is an injury to the neck caused by the neck bending forcibly forward and then backward, or vice versa. The injury usually involves the muscles, discs, nerves, and tendons in the neck.
Most whiplash injuries are the result of a collision that includes sudden acceleration or deceleration. Many whiplash injuries occur when a person is involved in a rear-end automobile collision, or as a result of a sports injury, particularly during contact sports.
The following are the most common symptoms of whiplash. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of whiplash may resemble other conditions and medical problems. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for whiplash may include the following (as many whiplash injuries include damage to soft tissue that cannot be seen on x-rays):
Specific treatment for whiplash will be determined by your physician based on:
Treatment may include: