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Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine. Often, the urine appears normal to the naked eye, but examination under a microscope shows a high number of RBCs. In gross hematuria, the urine is red or the color of cola, which can be seen with the naked eye.
Most of the causes are not serious, but, because hematuria may be the result of a tumor, or other serious problem, a physician should be consulted. Many people have hematuria without having any other related problems. To determine the cause of hematuria, or to rule out certain causes, a series of tests may be ordered.
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for hematuria may include the following:
Specific treatment for hematuria will be determined by your physician based on:
Many causes of hematuria are not serious and, in some cases, exercise can cause hematuria to go away within a day. It is important to consult your physician since hematuria may result from a tumor or other serious problem.