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Most women experience some unpleasant or uncomfortable symptoms during their menstrual cycle. For some women, the symptoms are significant, but of short duration and not disabling. Other women, however, may have one or more of a broad range of symptoms that temporarily disturb normal functioning. These symptoms may last from a few hours to many days. The types and intensity of symptoms vary in individuals. This group of symptoms is referred to as premenstrual syndrome, or PMS. Although the symptoms usually cease with onset of the menstrual period, in some women, symptoms may last through and after their periods.
The following are the most common symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
|mood alteration and psychological effects
neurologic and vascular symptoms
The cause of premenstrual syndrome is unclear, but seems to be related to fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone levels in the body, and does not necessary denote disabled ovarian functioning. Social, cultural, biological, and psychological factors have been identified as possible contributors of PMS.
Specific treatment for PMS will be determined by your physician based on:
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, counseling with your physician regarding symptoms can increase understanding and lead to activities for stress management. Other possible treatment protocols for managing premenstrual syndrome symptoms may include: