Vision Problems Tied to Extreme Prematurity in Study
THURSDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Vision impairment in young children who were born extremely premature is associated with brain damage and an eye disease called retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a new study indicates.
It included 178 preschool children who were born extremely premature (less than 28 weeks of pregnancy) between 2004 and 2006 and a control group of 56 full-term children.
The Danish researchers found that global development deficits -- intellectual disabilities that are a sign of cerebral (brain) damage -- and abnormalities in an area of the retina responsible for sharp vision (the fovea) were more common among extremely premature children than in the control group, and increased with retinopathy severity.
The study authors also found that global development deficits, moderate to severe foveal abnormality and retinopathy treatment were independently associated with visual impairment.
The study was published online June 11 in the Archives of Ophthalmology.
"In conclusion, we herein demonstrate that, in Denmark, cerebral damage and ROP sequelae are independent risk factors for [vision] loss among preschool children born extremely premature and that the presence of cerebral damage is the primary risk factor of the two," lead researcher Dr. Carina Slidsborg, from Copenhagen University Hospital, said in a journal news release.
The American Academy of Pediatrics has more about premature baby health concerns.
SOURCE: Archives of Ophthalmology, news release, June 11, 2012Related Articles
- Disease Severity in One Eye May Predict Progression in the Other
October 23, 2014
- Gene Scan Helps Diagnose Mystery Disorders in Children
October 23, 2014
Learn More About Sharp
Sharp HealthCare is San Diego's health care leader with seven hospitals, two medical groups and a health plan. Learn more about our San Diego hospitals, choose a Sharp-affiliated San Diego doctor or browse our comprehensive medical services.
Copyright ©2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.