Smoking Deadlier For HIV Patients Than Virus Itself: Study
WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- A new study finds that HIV patients who receive good care but who smoke lose more years of life to smoking than to HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
The findings show the importance of including quit-smoking counseling in long-term HIV care, the Danish researchers said.
They looked at nearly 3,000 HIV patients who were treated in Denmark from 1995 to 2010 and received well-organized care with free access to antiretroviral therapy. The researchers found that more than 60 percent of the deaths that occurred among the patients were associated with smoking rather than HIV.
They also found significant differences in life expectancy between HIV patients who smoked and nonsmokers. For example, a 35-year-old patient who smoked had a life expectancy approaching 63 years, compared with more than 78 years for a nonsmoking patient who was the same age, according to the study, which appears online Dec. 19 in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.
The loss of years of life associated with smoking was twice as high as that associated with HIV, and the increased risk of death among HIV patients who smoked was three times higher than among people not infected with HIV, according to a journal news release.
"Our findings emphasize the importance of counseling HIV patients on smoking cessation, as smoking may impact their life expectancy considerably more than the HIV infection itself," wrote Dr. Marie Helleberg, of Copenhagen University Hospital, and colleagues.
Although the study tied nonsmoking to longer life in HIV patients, it did not establish a cause-and-effect relationship.
The New Mexico AIDS Education and Training Center has more about smoking and HIV.
SOURCE: Clinical Infectious Diseases, news release, Dec. 19, 2012Related Articles
- Health Tip: When You Want to Quit Smoking
December 06, 2013
- Men Who Keep Smoking After Cancer Diagnosis Face Higher Death Risk
December 06, 2013
Learn More About Sharp
Sharp HealthCare is San Diego's health care leader with seven hospitals, two medical groups and a health plan. Learn more about our San Diego hospitals, choose a Sharp-affiliated San Diego doctor or browse our comprehensive medical services.
Copyright ©2012 HealthDay. All rights reserved.