Heart and Vascular Care
Mechanical Circulatory Support Devices
Sharp uses several different types of mechanical circulatory support devices. Different devices are used depending on the individual needs of each patient.
Extra Corporeal Life Support (ECLS)
The ECLS system provides emergency, short-term support for patients with failing heart and/or lungs.
Sharp Memorial Hospital is one of the few hospitals nationally that have the capability of initiating this system 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. A trained group of nurses and doctors are available at all times to start support within 10 minutes if needed.
The HeartMate II® is a small, quiet and advanced blood pump designed to restore circulation and improve patient outcomes and quality of life. Through the rotations of a single moving part, the HeartMate II LVAS pumps blood from the heart throughout the body at up to 10 liters per minute, the full output of a healthy heart. The HeartMate II is FDA approved for bridge to transplant and destination therapy in patients with end-stage heart failure.
The HeartMate III® is a heart pump currently available as part of a nationwide clinical trial. Sharp Memorial Hospital is one of a few dozen hospitals in the country helping to evaluate the performance and safety of the device in patients with advanced heart failure. This newest generation of heart pump is designed to minimize the risk of complications, and its smaller size is intended to be easier and safer for surgeons to place. The pump also aims to be more patient-friendly by increasing the battery life up to 17 hours, compared with the HeartMate II, which needs to be recharged every 12 hours.
The Impella® is a small, internal, short-term axial flow pump that provides left-sided cardiac support of up to 2 or 5 liters of flow. During a cardiac catheterization procedure, the cannula pump is placed into the left ventricle through the femoral artery. Patients with this device will be cared for in the intensive care unit until the Impella is removed. It can be used as a bridge to cardiac recovery or as a bridge to another, longer-term device.
Intra Aortic Balloon Pump (IABP)
This is a short-term (generally less than one week) cardiac support device that has the added benefit of increasing coronary artery filling. It is frequently used following interventional cardiology procedures.
This device has been FDA approved for all types of cardiac support. Patients with this device are treated and monitored in the intensive care unit until the IABP can be removed.
The TandemHeart® is a small, external, short-term centrifugal flow pump that can support either the right or left side of the heart. Usually this pump is placed during a catheterization procedure. This pump can deliver up to 7 liters per minute of blood flow.
Patients with this pump must remain in the intensive care unit and in bed. It is intended for short-term bridge-to-cardiac recovery or bridge to a long-term device.
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