Doctor's office
Enter your doctor's name to get office information.
Find labs in your network
Enter your primary care doctor's name to find labs in your network.
Find urgent care centers in your network
Enter your primary care doctor's name to find urgent care centers in your network.
Verify your medical group

Refer to your insurance card or call your insurance provider to determine your medical group.

You can also search for your primary care doctor to find the medical group you and your doctor belong to.

Driving Directions
Update Information
Forgot Password

Please enter your e-mail address.

Sharp Health News

Is it a headache or a migraine?

Oct. 20, 2015

Is it a headache or a migraine?

If you experience migraine headaches, you know the feeling: sensitivity to light, fatigue, slight pressure building at the side of your head — the list goes on. The National Headache Foundation estimates that nearly 30 million Americans suffer from migraines, which are more common than asthma, diabetes or congestive heart failure.

Dr. Sangeetha Murthy, a Sharp Rees-Stealy Medical Group doctor specializing in internal medicine, regularly treats people with migraines. She answers these five frequently asked questions to provide a better understanding about this common, yet debilitating condition.

1. What are the signs of a migraine?
The classic signs of a migraine include a visual aura, nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light or sound. However, up to 20% percent of cases occur without aura. Auras are symptoms that come on less than an hour before the headache pain begins. They include visual, sensory, and speech and language auras, as well as motor, brainstem and retinal. Auras can last from five minutes to an hour, and may occur in succession. Symptoms are not permanent.

Other non-aura symptoms that may precede a migraine attack by several days include fatigue, nausea, neck stiffness, blurred vision, yawning, pale appearance, sensitivity to light or sound, and trouble concentrating. Sinus symptoms are common in patients with migraine headaches, making differentiation between these two types of headache more difficult.

Migraines can occur periodically and last from four to 72 hours, with symptoms, occurrences and severity varying with each individual. They affect one side of the head and often have a pulsating feeling.

2. What triggers a migraine?
Migraine triggers vary with each individual, but most are associated with external factors, which may include:

  • Chemicals and preservatives found in food (such as aspartame) and beverages (including alcohol)
  • Changes in sleep patterns, especially sleep deprivation
  • Excessive caffeine consumption or withdrawal from caffeine
  • Hormonal factors, including menstruation and hormonal excesses, deficiency or fluctuations
  • Skipping meals, prolonged fasts or inconsistent nutritional states
  • Some medications (such as nitrates)
  • Physical or emotional stress
  • Weather conditions or changes
  • Unproven triggers include monosodium glutamate (MSG), smoking, odors, chocolate and tyramine (found in aged foods such as cheeses, smoked fish or cured meats)

3. Who is at risk for migraines?
Migraines can be hereditary. According to the National Headache Foundation, 4 out of 5 people who experience migraines have a family history of migraines. If one parent has a history of migraines, the child may have a 50 percent chance of developing migraines, and if both parents have a history, the risk may increase to 75 percent.

The most common age group in which migraines occur is adults ages 30 to 39. Women are also three times more likely than men to suffer from migraines.

4. How are migraines treated?
Migraines cannot be cured, but there are a number of treatments available, including those that can prevent onset or severity, including:

  • Anti-nausea medication
  • Biofeedback and other relaxation techniques
  • Lifestyle modifications
  • Over-the-counter supplements (such as vitamin B-2, magnesium, feverfew, coQ10, ginger or melatonin) or prescription medications (anti-inflammatories, vasoconstrictive drugs and analgesics)
  • Preventive medications (such as beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, anticonvulsants, angiotensin receptor blockers and antidepressants)
  • Sleeping in a dark, quiet room

5. Can migraines be prevented?
Yes, migraines can be prevented. Here are some tips to keep them at bay:

  • Engage in a healthy lifestyle. Eat well and consistently, exercise regularly, avoid smoking and secondary smoke, taper off caffeine use, sleep seven to eight hours a day, and limit or eliminate alcohol use.
  • Identify and avoid your triggers. Keep track of patterns and note triggers by keeping a journal of any headache or migraine episodes.
  • Take appropriately prescribed medications at the beginning of a migraine headache. This can prevent prolonged severe symptoms.
  • Manage stress. Stress reduction and relaxation training can help prevent or lessen the severity of a migraine.
  • Know your cycle. Women who often get migraines around their menstrual period can take preventive therapy when they know their period is coming.
  • Be careful not to overuse headache medications. Repetitive use for three months or more can bring on continuous headaches that cannot otherwise be prevented. The treatment for this type of headache is to stop taking the headache medication.

Play a key role in preventing and treating migraines by knowing your personal triggers, following your doctor's treatment guidelines and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

You might also like:

Choose the doctor who's right for you.

At Sharp, we make it easy to find an exceptional doctor — right where you live and work.

All Categories
Contact Sharp HealthCare
Call us

Call 1-800-827-4277 or view our detailed phone directory.

If you are experiencing a medical emergency, call 911 or visit the nearest emergency room.

Email us

Please do not use this form to convey personal or medical information.

How would you like to be contacted?
Date of birth

What's This?

These important numbers are located on your billing statement.

Find your Sharp Rees-Stealy account number

Find your SharpCare account number

Find your SharpCare account number
What's GDPR?

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) governs the processing of personal information gathered from individuals while they are in the European Union (EU) and parts of the EEA (European Economic Area, which currently includes Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway).

We are sorry, but we are unable to process your price estimate if you live or are travelling within the EU or affiliated nations.

What's This?

Many surgery and procedure names sound similar. If possible, please provide the current procedure terminology (CPT) code, which can be found on the order from your doctor.

If you cannot provide the CPT code, please contact your doctor's office for the CPT or a detailed description of services.