Female Pelvic Disorder Treatments
At Sharp, we offer a variety of treatment options for female pelvic disorders, such as prolapse and incontinence conditions, including overactive bladder and neurogenic bladder.
Nonsurgical treatment options
Medications and injections
Estrogen may help limit further weakness of the pelvic floor muscles. Additionally, injections such as Botox® can be used to treat incontinence by targeting muscles in the bladder's back wall to "calm" the bladder and help reduce symptoms. These injections are performed through a scope that is inserted into the bladder. Most patients see results within 5 to 7 days that last for 6 to 10 months.
Sharp Rehabilitation Services offers a specialized physical therapy program designed to treat pelvic pain and dysfunction in both men and women.
- Urodynamics testing
The program's certified rehabilitation registered nurses use a state-of-the-art urodynamics lab to assess bladder function (relationship of pressure to volume), activity of the bladder sphincter muscle, urine flow and other measurements to better diagnose bladder conditions and determine the best treatment. To learn more, give us a call at 858-939-6947.
- Pelvic pain and incontinence program
Physical therapy has been shown to be effective for a range of pelvic health conditions, including irritable bowel syndrome; pelvic, vaginal or rectal pain; urinary urge incontinence or stress incontinence (leaking when you sneeze or cough); bladder urgency or bladder frequency; pain after childbirth or during intercourse; endometriosis; and sacroiliac or tailbone pain.
Our therapists are specially trained in pelvic floor dysfunction, including techniques like pelvic floor (Kegel) exercises, muscle biofeedback and postural reeducation, which can help minimize symptoms.
Neuromodulation, or nerve stimulation, gently modifies the nerve signals that stimulate the bladder through the use of a minimally invasive needle electrode temporarily placed near the ankle. During a series office visits, a device attached to the needle delivers mild electrical impulses that travel up the leg nerves to the nerves that control the bladder. Patients typically have 12 weekly sessions, with most seeing improvement in symptoms after 5 to 7 weeks.
Surgical treatment options
Surgery for urinary incontinence
Urine leakage can be treated during pelvic organ prolapse surgery. This can be done through the abdomen, the vagina or both. In some cases, sutures are used to attach the vagina to strong tissue in the pelvis. A "sling" of tissue may be used to help support the bladder and urethra.
Surgery for pelvic organ prolapse
The surgical removal of the uterus is used to treat uterine prolapse, among other conditions. This type of surgery can be performed through the vagina or the abdomen, and minimally invasive techniques may be used.
This procedure involves removing the uterus, leaving the cervix in place and correcting the supportive structures of the vagina. Pelvic mesh or a "sling" of tissue may be used to support the pelvic structures. The procedure can be done laparoscopically, robotically or as a traditional open abdominal procedure.
- Vaginal vault suspension
A vaginal vault suspension may be used to correct vaginal vault prolapse. During the procedure, the vagina is attached to strong tissue in the pelvis or to the sacrum (a bone at the base of the spine).
- Colpectomy and colpocleisis
For women who are no longer sexually active, this procedure removes the vaginal lining (colpectomy) and closes off the vaginal canal (colpocleisis) to prevent further prolapse.
To learn more about Sharp's pelvic health services or to find a Sharp-affiliated doctor, search for a San Diego pelvic health specialist or call 1-800-82-SHARP (1-800-827-4277), Monday through Friday, 7 am to 7 pm.
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